Today we are talking about passwords.
What passwords are considered reliable, what are the ways of hacking, how to create strong passwords and where to store them all?
1. The presence of numbers and letters in the password
2. Length of at least 7 characters
Following these 2 rules — you are protected, BUT only if:
❗️ You observe the password change periods
❗️ You use different passwords for different sites
🕵🏻 Has your password been declassified?
If your password meets the main rules and you do not want to change it, then you can evaluate the complexity of your current password and find out if it has been compromised.
There is a service for this purpose https://haveibeenpwned.com , which will check whether your password is found in the databases that were used to hack accounts.
🔐 Hacking methods
Brute force attacks are the most common method of password disclosure. Brute force means searching for all possible combinations of letters, numbers, and symbols. Therefore, the more diverse the content of your password, the more complex it It will be for intruders.
🛡 Protection against a full brute force attack
1️⃣ Do not use the account name, user name, or parts of these names in the password.
2️⃣Use at least 7 characters, and preferably all 10 or even 12 characters.
3️⃣ Use the symbol of 4 categories: capital and slender letters, numbers, special characters (such as ! % # $)
4️⃣Change your password at least once every 3 months
🔒 🔒 Two-factor authentication
Some attackers can bypass the above protection methods by using a database of disclosed passwords.
❗️To protect yourself — use 2FA
✒️ Summing up
❌Dates of birth, names, names of favorite dishes, etc. — are not suitable for strong passwords.
❗️The more diverse the characters in your password, the more difficult it is to crack it.
❗️ One account — one password.
❗️ Change passwords every 3 months. By the way, you can set up an automatic reminder to change your password.
🔏Where to store passwords
📝 Paper notebook — yes, even leading information security experts recognize this option. Keep such a notebook a secret, and keep the passwords in it in an incomprehensible form.
🔏 Password manager — a special program that stores your passwords — all you need is to remember one password to access the rest of the database.
📩 A text document is not the best option for storing passwords, but it can be used if you can store the document safely.